The Romans conquest of Dacia
In the first century before Jesus Christ, the Dacians were the people the most influent on eastern Europe their richness were known from the Romans. This conquest was the last main of the roman emperor Trajan. After two big battles in 101 and 106, the roman armies won and most of Dacia became Roman. The story of this conquest can now be find on the Trajan Column in Roma. The track of this occupation can still be seen in Romania.
Take part of this trip and discover the fabulous Dacian legends. those wolf warriors who thought they were immortals and the way they were conquered by the Romans. Follow the steps of the Roman armies over the Danube, crossing it on the Apollodore of Damas’ bridge, joining the hearth of Dacia by the region of Sarmizegetusa.
Roman life in the Province of Moesia Inferior. During the morning, we’ll visit the National History Museum in Constanta (former Greek and Roman colony Tomis) and the Roman edifice with mosaic (the biggest in this part of Europe). The famous Roman poet Publius Ovidius Naso has been living here in exile for about 10 years and died here. He wrote two of his famous works (Tristia and Epistulae ex Ponto) in Tomis and gave us precious information about the life and customs of the native Dacians. A professional guide will show you the most important elements of ancient Roman life in this part of nowadays Romania. Lunch in the beautiful Casino, a replica of the famous Casino in Monaco. Afternoon travel to Adamclisi, to visit one of the most valuable antique Roman monuments on Romanian territory. This impressive monument, dedicated to Mars Ultor (Mars the Avenger) was built to commemorate the battles of Roman legions with Dacian forces during the winter of 102 A.D. Near the monument there are two more relics of this event: a Roman officer mausoleum who died in battle, and an altar nearby.
The beginning of the war – The legions cross the Danube river. After an early breakfast, we depart to Drobeta Turnu Severin, at the Iron Gates on Danube, the starting point of Roman military campaign in Dacia. Lunch on the way. After lunch, we continue our drive to Drobeta (old roman name of the city). After arrival in Drobeta – accommodation in the countryside next to the famous Iron Gate Hydropower plant on the Danube. We will visit the Museum of Iron Gates where we’ll participate in a briefing on the Roman-Dacian War. Visit the Roman fortress and the ruins of Trajan’s stone Bridge, built over the Danube River in the gorge of the Iron Gate by the famous architect Apolodor from Damascus to allow to the Romans legions to move towards Dacia. We’ll have the Danube River fish for dinner.
Drobeta and surroundings. After breakfast we will visit the Iron Gate Powerplant Museum where we can see the interiour of this power plant, and a small Museum about the Turkish Island of Ada Kaleh which lies nowadays on the bottom of the Danube. We go by bus to Oravita, where we might visit the nice monastery of Saint Anna and enjoy a cruise down the Danube River. Lunch on the ship or in Oravita. On the way back we will stop in Herculane Spa, the oldest health resort in Romania, known since the Roman times, when it was called Ad aquas Herculis sacras. Here we will visit the Roman baths (thermos) with the possibility to have a bath into the waters of the thermal lake where, as the legend says Hercules himself used to come and enjoy the famous mineral water springs. Dinner in Herculane. Return to our Hotel.
March along the Roman Legions through Dacian land. After breakfast, travel through Timis-Cerna Valey, the main route the Roman legions followed on their way to Sarmizegetusa. Stop in Tapae (The Transylvania Iron Gate) the battlefield of two Roman-Dacian bloody clashes during the wars in 101 and 105 AD years. The surroundings between Drobeta and Deva is one of the most beautiful in Romania. Lunch picnic in this area. On the way to Deva we will stop and visit archeological site of Sarmizegetusa Ulpia Trajana, the new capital of the Roman Province of Dacia, built by Trajan after the second war in 106 A.D., and also visit the museum there. Arrival around 04.00 pm. In Deva first of all we’ll visit the Museum of Dacian and Roman Civilization, where a professional guide will depict in depth the most important aspects of Dacian civilization and the effects of Roman conquest – do not forget that Romanians are of Latin origin. Accommodation and dinner in a 4* Hotel in Deva.
Visit to Sarmizegetusa Regia, the capital of Dacia. Probably the hardest day of our trip , we’ll travel along Orastie Valley to some of Sureanu Mountain peaks to visit the defense system of fortresses that protected the Dacian capital. The area was, during both wars with the Roman Empire, the scene of fierce battles. Depending on the available time, we’ll visit one or two of these fortresses, part of a network of six that guarded the heart of Dacia. The aim of our trip is Sarmizegetusa Regia, the capital of Dacian kingdom, and for this we will travel the last part of the trip on foot Lunch will be a picnic at Sarmizegetusa Regia. Return to Deva late evening, dinner and accommodation in the same Hotel.
Why the Romans wanted Dacia? During the morning we leave Deva for Rosia Montana to visit the Roman Gold mine from Alburnus Major (Roman name of Rosia Montana), one of the biggest in the entire empire. We’ll go underground and see the ancient galleries, where there are working places (mine tunnels, shafts, gangways) preserved from Roman times. After lunch we continue our trip to Alba Iulia, former Roman Colonia Apulum, the garrison of The XIII Gemina Legion. The city was a very important center of Roman Dacia, having hundreds of inscriptions and a multitude of artifacts of Dacian origin daily life. We visit the National Museum of Unity. Accommodation in 4* hotel in Alba Iulia. Dinner with traditional Romanian folk dance and cuisine.
Back to Bucharest. Travel from Alba Iulia to Bucharest through Sibiu, one of the most beautiful Saxon cities in Transylvania. Stop for a short walking tour of the city and a good Saxon lunch and afternoon we continue our way through the Red Tower Pass along the Olt river. Around 6 PM we will arrive in Bucharest, special farewell dinner and accommodation to a 4* or 5* Hotel.
Departure home. If time permits we can visit the National History Museum, the thesaurus, and may be a short walking tour about the old city of Bucharest.
• Double/twin room: Eur
• Single supplement: Eur
• Accomodation in 3-4* hotels
• Meals according to the program
• Professional English-speaking guide services
• Entrance fees
• Printed info about the sites visited
• Luxury coach transport’ services with A/C
1. This program can be changed upon request.
2. For further information please contact: Cultural Romtour, firstname.lastname@example.org
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