Mining, Industry and Post-Communist Transition in SW Romania
The tour highlights some representative industries of the area and their contemporary decay or adaptation: gold and coal mining, metallurgic, railway, heavy machinery, energetic, marble extraction. Historically , they are tied to the Austrian administration and its industrial expansion here since the XVIIIth century to the WW I. Romania’s communist economic excesses and post-communist difficult transition brought for many of these industrial capacities a painful metamorphosis in surrealistic ruins. Meanwhile, a big city like Timisoara, the former capital of the Banat province and the place where the 1989 Romanian revolution started and other smaller ones like.
Arrival in Timisoara. We will begin with a short tour of the beautiful city, highlighting some of the 1989 revolution’s hot points, also visiting the 1718 founded Timisoreana brewery and the former petro-chemical Solventul which is now a disaffected platform. Welcome dinner and accommodation.
We will take a trip to Oravita (110 km), in order to visit the picturesque small mountain town with XIXth century Austrian architecture and then have lunch. After lunch we will travel to Anina, by train (2h, 30 km), on the oldest mountain railway in Romania (1863), which is similar to the Austrian Semmering. Meanwhile the driver will bring the empty coach in Anina on the road. Here we will visit the surface platform of the former coal mine (the deepest in Europe, 1250 m) and the oil shale huge power station, which never functioned, a famous investment failure of the communist regime. In the evening we will go to Resita. Dinner and accommodation.
In the morning we will visit the industrial town of Resita, the oldest in Romania (iron works grounded in 1771) and the still functioning remains of its once prosperous heavy industry (the UCMR factory and museum, the disaffected blast furnace – historic monument and the nearby picturesque workers colony, the Steam Locomotives Open Air Park), and have lunch. After lunch we will follow the Semenic mountains touristic road, go sightseeing hydro-energetic constructions (dams, lakes, the 1916 Breazova small power station hidden in the forest, with its picturesque water channels). We will continue our journey to the Semenic ski resort (here you will see strange remains of some research wind turbines, an abandoned communist big hotel, a meteorological station, a broadcasting antenna, also incredible sights of a vast area and close proximity to the biggest virgin beech forest in Europe.) Same accommodation in Resita, free dinner.
Today we will travel to Herculane Baths (100 km, 2h drive) and have a 30 minute-break there; it’s a famous thermal watering resort, a pearl of XIX century Austrian Empire; its historic patrimony is now in a prolonged decay. On the way, a short visit to Garana, a German mountain village and to Trei Ape Lake. A ½ – 1 h visit to the huge hydro energetic – 2200 MW, the biggest in Europe – and navigation complex Iron Gates 1 on the Danube, to the museum which offers sights in the machines hall. Lunch in Turnu Severin. Next stop in the vicinity of the Motru surface coal exploitations. We will continue to Lafarge Cement Factory in Tirgu Jiu and to the Brancusi sculpture ensemble. Accommodation will be in Targu Jiu. Free dinner.
In the morning we will take a visit to the abandoned mining sites on the Jiu Valley: Petrila, Paroseni, Uricani, Aninoasa, to a narrow gauge industrial railway from Petrila to Lonea and to the town of Petrosani. Lunch on the way. Accommodation and free dinner in Hunedoara, at 80 km, 1 ¼ h.
We make our way (90 km, 1 ½h) to Rosia Montana gold mining site, galleries and museum. We will continue with a ride by steam train to the Brad-Criscior narrow railway. A visit to the Brad Mining Museum, and lunch. After lunch we will travel back to Hunedoara (50 km, 1h), where we will visit the remains of the metallurgic industry and the historic blast furnace from Govajdia, built in 1806. The same accommodation in Hunedoara. Free dinner.
The day will start by visiting the Corvin Castle continuing with a visit to Calan (defunct metallurgic industry). We will have a trip to Ruschita (80 km, 1 ½ h) and we will visit the marble quarry, after that we will have lunch. Then we will travel to Recas Winery (120 km, 2h), near Timisoara for a visit and farewell dinner including wine tasting. Accommodation in Timisoara.
• Double/twin room: 1599 Eur
• Single supplement: 260 Eur
• Accomodation in 3-4* hotels
• Meals, special dinners and wine tasting according to the program
• Professional English-speaking guide services
• Entrance fees
• Luxury coach transport’ services with A/C
• Printed info about the sites visited
• Meeting with professionals of different industrial sites
1. This program can be changed upon request.
2. For further information please contact: Cultural Romtour, firstname.lastname@example.org
- Pleases your eyes