World War I in Romania – Keeping the memories alive
World War I was a war without parallel, also regarded as the first “total war” due to the fact that all previous wars were eclipsed by its scale of destruction, when the combatants mobilized all their resources, military, industrial and human, on a level never before thought possible. World War I was the first war in history that affected most of the globe, with battles fought on land, at sea and, for the first time, on the sky, claiming around 10 million lives and forever changing the political map of Europe.
Romania, caught between the eastern front lines of the two war Alliances could not been eschewed by the scourge of war. All over the country from Carpathian Mountains to the Danube you can still find the footprints of fierce battles of the Great War – war memorials and cemeteries, remains of the fortified lines, and, if you dig the ground there could be found rusty bullets and helmets and mess tins. After almost 90 years Romanian, German, Austrian, French, Italian, Turkish, Greek, Russian death soldiers have still been resting together under the Romanian soil.
Joining this tour you will have the opportunity to travel along some of the most important offensive directions of the Triple Alliance troops, to discover and to pay few moments of remembrance near the tombs and memorials of fallen heroes of war.
Bucharest and surroundings. After breakfast visit to the National Military Museum where a military historian or a retired officer – former war veteran will be invited to present the war campaign strategic concept for the year of 1916, by Romanian point of view.
After lunch visit the remains of the fortified works around Bucharest situated on the out skirts of the city, probably we will visit 2-3 bunkers, built at the end of the XIX century. According their size they could host Montlucon and St. Chamond md 1891 guns and mortars, and also flank guns Gruson si Hotchkiss, cal 53 mm.
Visit the Olt Valey Battlefield After breakfast, departure to Olt Valey. On the way stop at Cozia and mount on the Cozia Mountain to have a battlefield panorama. Battlefield analysis. After lunch visit to Brezoi-Calinesti military cemetery, Valcea County. Later afternoon, drive through Red Tower Defile to Sibiu. Arrival at Sibiu, accommodation in an elegant 3 * Hotel in the old city. Sightseeing of Sibiu – one of the famous Saxon Transylvanian old cities. Dinner outside the city to a farmer. If the time permits, visit to the cemetery of Honor „Pro Patria” and the Arch of Triumph erected by King Ferdinand in 1922. Dinner.
The Brasov-Predeal and Rucar- Bran Passes Battlefields. After breakfast, departure to Predeal through Brasov, on Prahova Valey. On the way visit to Timisu de Sus Military Cemetry, Brasov County. Stop to the highest point of the Predeal Pass to have a battlefield panorama. Battlefield analisys. Visit Predeal Memorial. Lunch in Predeal. After lunch drive to Rucar-Bran Pass.
Visit the Mausoleum in Mateias, in Valea Mare Pravat Village, Arges County. Arrival in Targoviste. Accommodation to an elegant 4* Hotel in the heart of the city. Targoviste was one of the first Wallahia’s medieval capitals. Dinner.
Analysis of Focsani – Namoloasa – Galati fortified line. After breakfast, departure to Galati. On the way to Galati we stop in Buzau and visit the biggest WW I military cemetery in Romania (more than 9.600 soldiers engraved). Lunch in Buzau (where we will taste the good wine of the region). After lunch we continue the trip to Galati. Briefing on belligerent forces plans for 1917 campaign. Visit the remains of the fortified bunkers and other defense works along Focsani – Namoloasa – Galati fortified line, one of the strongest in the WW I, comparable with Maginot fortified line. Arrival in Focsani. Accommodation to a 4* Hotel. Dinner with wine tasting. We are in one of the most important wine regions in Romania, so, don’t forget to enjoy it.
Visit of Marasesti -Marasti – Oituz Battlefield. After breakfast, visit to the second biggest WW I military cemetery in Romania (more than 6.000 soldiers engraved) in Focsani. Departure to Marasesti – Marasti – Oituz battlefields area, the most important during the 1917 campaign. These three battles changed the entire war planes on the Eastern front for the year 1917. Briefing on the three battles. Possible specific military lunch in a mess, using old military crockery. Visit to Marasesti Mausoleum, the most imposing in the country and one of the most majestic in Europe. After lunch depending on your choice some of you will continue our trip to Suceava, in the northern part of Moldova. Accomodation to a 3 or 4* Hotel. Visit the for tress of Suceava, former capital of Moldova until the second part of the XVI century. Dinner. The other part will drive directly to Bucharest, being accommodated and next day departure home.
The military campaign in Bucovina. Breakfast at the hotel. We drive over the Ukrainian frontier to Chernivtsi, the most important city in Northern Bukovina. Full of architectural gems, this city was known as a “Little Vienna”. On the eastern slopes of the Carpathian mountains, was once the heart of the Romanian Principality of Moldova, until 1775 when the region was to the possessions of the Habsburg Monarchy. During World War I, Bukovina became a battlefield between Austrian and Russian troops. Visit the old city and meet an historian for a brief analysis of the military campaign in the region during the WW I. Accommodation to a 4* Hotel. Dinner.
Chernivtsi – Bukovina – Ostra Pass – Bicaz Gorge – Sighisoara. In the morning we will visit Chernivtsi, and its outskirts in order to see some battlefields and cemeteries. Lunch outside the city. Afternoon we drive over the border and come back to Romania in Bukovina have the chance either to visit the Neamt fortress erected by Stefan the Great, the most important Moldavian ruler in the XVth century or one famous painted monastery, Voronet. The drive continues over Ostra Pass to Bistrita river and over the most beautiful pass in Romania, Bicaz Gorge, we arrive in Transylvania, and have the chance to overnight in the old Saxon citadel of Sighisoara.
Sighisoara – Brasov – Prahova Valley – Bucharest
Morning we visit the citadel, depart to Brasov, and over Prahiova valley we will stop for lunch at Azuga wine cellar where we will enjoy a champagne tasting and an extraordinary lunch including one of the best wines in Romania. After lunch we are going back to Bucharest where we arrive late in the evening. On the way stop to have a nice lunch to Hanul (Inn) Ancutzei. Check-in. Farewell dinner at a special Restaurant Jaristea, www.jaristea.ro.
City tour of Bucharest and departure home. After breakfast, city tour of Bucharest; visit of the Palace of Parliament (former Palace of Socialism during Ceausescu’s dictatorship – second biggest building world wide after the Pentagon), the Patriarchal church, Village Museum etc. In the afternoon, departure back home.
Price for minimum 10 paying guests:
• Double/twin room: 1221 Eur
• Single supplement: 200 Eur
Price for Ukraine and Bucovina supplement (2 days):
• Double/twin room: 499 Eur
• Single supplement: 92 Eur
• Accomodation in 3-4* hotels
• Meals according to the program
• Professional English-speaking guide services
• Entrance fees
• Printed info about the sites visited
• Luxury coach transport’ services with A/C
• Professional guide in military history
• Local guides in Bucharest, Prahova Valley area
1. This program can be changed upon request.
2. For further information please contact: Cultural Romtour, firstname.lastname@example.org
- Pleases your eyes