The place where Bogdan I erected his church and monastery was, at that time, surrounded with century old forests. He chose to be buried in this church, and by his side rest his successors, beneath beautiful rock placed by St. Stefan the Great.
The beginnings of Bogdana Monastery and St. Nicolae church are lost in the darkness of time, in the time of moldavian feudal state’s birth. During the years, this exquisite architectural monument bared an historic, religious and cultural role. Despite the harsh times, the church resisted for centuries to the tartar and Turkish invasions, plunders, wars, and habsburgic domination, being along the time a proof of national Romanian spirit.
During Alexandru the Kind, the church became a bishopric place, the bishops having their residence in the monastery. Some historian claim that Bogdana Monastery was a metropolitan residence until July 26, 1401, when the Moldavian Metropolitan Church was officially recognized by the Constantinopole Patriarchy and the metropolitan seat was moved in Suceava. Except the porch added by Alexandru Lapusneanu in 1599, Bogdan’s monastery, carved in raw rock, and maintained its initial shape of basylic adjusted to the orthodox cult.
After 1918, when Bucovina was freed, the Bogdana monastery was no longer reestablished, and the St. Nicolae church remained a serving church until the last decades of the XX century, when it was closed by the communist regime, being considered an historic monument. In the paintings found in the nave, we find Alexandru Lapusneanu, alongside with Bogdan I and Alexandru the Kind and Stefan the Great, proof that it was executed in the time of the latter. The first tom, in the south-east corner of the nave belongs to Bogdan I. On the same side of the nave it is buried Prince Latcu. In the pronave there are 3 tombs. On the north side we find Bogdan III wife’s, Madam Stana, tomb, mother of Prince Stefanita and Anastasia, Latcu’s daughter. Before the pronave’s door lays the tombstone of bishop Ioanichie, who died in 1504.
After the foundation of the state, and also of the Bogdana monastery, here there were placed the basis of the religious education in Moldavia, by the establishment of a new school. The schoolmasters were monks, and among the monks apprentices there were people who learned the science of writing to become boyards of the princely Chancellery or teachers needed by the bishop’s Chancellery. Because of the cultural activity, that took place from its first years, of the monks’ school and of the printing house that spread its books along Maramures and Ardeal regions, Bogdana monastery proved to be a real cultural center, maintaining the nation, tongue and faith of the Romanians.